kidney inflammation disease , swelling in legs – symptoms, treatment and diet.
Nephritis, or kidney inflammation disease, is a condition in which the kidneys become inflamed. The kidneys are a pair of bean-shaped organs located in the lower abdomen. They are in charge of filtering waste from the blood and producing urine.
One or both kidneys can be affected by nephritis. It can be acute (rapid onset) or chronic (ongoing). Acute nephritis usually goes away on its own after a few weeks or months. Chronic nephritis has the potential to cause permanent kidney damage and kidney failure.
Infections: Kidney inflammation can be caused by infections with specific bacteria, viruses, or parasites.
Autoimmune diseases, such as lupus and rheumatoid arthritis, can cause the immune system of the body to attack the kidneys.
Medications: Certain antibiotics and pain relievers, for example, can cause kidney inflammation.
Other medical conditions: Diabetes and high blood pressure, for example, can increase the risk of kidney inflammation.
- Hematuria (blood in the urine)
- Proteinuria is the presence of protein in the urine.
- Urine that is foamy or bubbly
- Edema (swelling of the face, hands, and feet)
- Hypertension (high blood pressure)
- Breathing difficulty
- Appetite loss
- Vomiting and nausea
Your doctor will most likely perform a physical exam and ask you about your medical history and symptoms to diagnose kidney inflammation disease. Blood and urine tests may also be ordered. Imaging tests, such as an ultrasound or CT scan, may be required in some cases to get a better look at the kidneys.
Treatment for kidney inflammation varies depending on the underlying cause. In some cases, there is no need for treatment, and the condition will resolve on its own. In other cases, medications such as antibiotics, corticosteroids, or immunosuppressants may be used to treat the condition. Dialysis or kidney transplantation may be required in severe cases.
Maintain a healthy blood pressure and blood sugar level.
- Keep a healthy weight.
2).Maintain a healthy diet.
3). Drink plenty of water.
4). Stop smoking.
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